Appendix A: Building the Client

This section explains how to build the ownCloud Client from source for all major platforms. You should read this section if you want to develop for the desktop client. Build instructions are subject to change as development proceeds.

Please check the version for which you want to build.

These instructions are updated to work with version of the ownCloud Client.

Compiling via ownBrander

If you don’t want to go through the trouble of doing all the compile work manually, you can use ownBrander to create installer images for all platforms.

Getting the Source Code

The generic build instructions pull the latest code directly from GitHub, and work on Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows.

Linux

For the published desktop clients we link against QT5 dependencies from our own repositories so that we can have the same versions on all distributions. This chapter shows you how to build the client yourself with this setup. If you want to use the QT5 dependencies from your system, see the next chapter.

You may wish to use source packages for your Linux distribution, as these give you the exact sources from which the binary packages are built. These are hosted on the ownCloud repository from OBS. Go to the Index of repositories to see all the Linux client repositories.

To get the .deb source packages, add the source repository for your Debian or Ubuntu version, as in the following example for Debian 9:

# Run as root
echo 'deb http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/isv:/ownCloud:/desktop/Debian_9.0/ /' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/owncloud-client.list
echo 'deb-src http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/isv:/ownCloud:/desktop/Debian_9.0/ /' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/owncloud-client.list

Install the dependencies using the following commands for your specific Linux distribution. Make sure the repositories for source packages are enabled. These are:

Distribution Installation Instructions

Debian/Ubuntu

apt update; apt build-dep owncloud-client

openSUSE/SLES

zypper ref; zypper si -d owncloud-client

Fedora/CentOS/RHEL

yum install yum-utils; yum-builddep owncloud-client

Follow the generic build instructions, starting with step 2.

Linux with System Dependencies

Build sources from a GitHub checkout with dependencies provided by your Linux distribution. While this allows more freedom for development, it does not exactly represent what we ship as packages. See above for how to recreate packages from source.

To get the source dependencies on Debian and Ubuntu, run the following command:

sudo apt install qtdeclarative5-dev libinotifytools-dev \
  qt5keychain-dev python-sphinx \
  libsqlite3-dev

Follow the generic build instructions, starting with step 1.

macOS

In addition to needing Xcode (along with the command line tools), developing in the macOS environment requires extra dependencies. You can install these dependencies through MacPorts or Homebrew. These dependencies are required only on the build machine, because non-standard libs are deployed in the app bundle.

The tested and preferred way to develop in this environment is through the use of HomeBrew. The ownCloud team has its own repository containing non-standard recipes. To set up your build environment for development using HomeBrew:

  1. Install Xcode.

  2. Install Xcode command line tools using xcode-select –install.

  3. Install Homebrew using /usr/bin/ruby -e $(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install).

  4. Add the ownCloud repository using the command brew tap owncloud/owncloud

  5. Install a Qt5 version, ideally from from 5.10.1, using the command brew install qt5.

  6. Install any missing dependencies, using the command: brew install $(brew deps owncloud-client).

  7. Install qtkeychain by running git clone https://github.com/frankosterfeld/qtkeychain.git. Make sure you make the same install prefix as later while building the client e.g., -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/Path/to/client/../install.

  8. For compilation of the client, follow the generic build instructions.

  9. Install the Packages package creation tool.

  10. In the build directory, run admin/osx/create_mac.sh <CMAKE_INSTALL_DIR> <build dir> <installer sign identity>. If you have a developer signing certificate, you can specify its Common Name as a third parameter (use quotes) to have the package signed automatically.

    Contrary to earlier versions, version 1.7 and later are packaged as a pkg installer. Do not call make package at any time when compiling for OS X, as this will build a disk image, which will not work correctly.

Windows Development Build with KDE Craft

If you want to test some changes, you can build the ownCloud Client natively on Windows using KDE Craft. You can also use it to build unsupported and unoptimized installers.

Install KDE Craft

To install KDE Craft, Python 2.7 or Python 3.6+, and PowerShell 5.0+ must be installed. You can find the full installation guide in the KDE Community Wiki.

If you want to use Microsoft Visual Studio, naturally, that must be installed as well.

When the dependencies are installed, install KDE Craft using the following lines in PowerShell:

Set-ExecutionPolicy -Scope CurrentUser RemoteSigned
iex ((new-object net.webclient).DownloadString('https://raw.githubusercontent.com/KDE/craft/master/setup/install_craft.ps1'))

The first command allows running scripts from remote sources. The second command starts installing KDE Craft. You are asked where you want to put the main folder, called CraftRoot, which will contain all source, build, and install folders. Please chose a disk with sufficient free space.

Last but not least, you need to chose the compiler you want to use. The official builds only supports Microsoft Visual Studio 2017. However, if you’re feeling adventurous, you can also try to use Mingw-w64. In contrast to Visual Studio, which you need to install in advance, KDE Craft can install Mingw-w64 for you.

Unless you need 32bit builds, you should stick to the default of x64 builds.

Setup KDE Craft

After you install KDE Craft, there are two steps left before the ownCloud Client can be compiled. These are:

Launch the KDE Craft Environment

To launch the KDE Craft environment, you need to run the following command in PowerShell. This provides you with a shell with all the environment variables set that you need to work with KDE Craft.

C:\CraftRoot\craft\craftenv.ps1
This needs to be done every time you want to work with Craft.
We’re assuming that you installed KDE Craft in the default path of C:\CraftRoot. If you have installed it somewhere else, please adjust the path as necessary.

Setup the ownCloud repository

The last step before we can begin, is adding the ownCloud repository. It provides you with additional dependencies and tools, which are not available from the standard KDE repository.

craft --add-blueprint-repository https://github.com/owncloud/craft-blueprints-owncloud.git
You only need to do this once.

Build The Client

Finally we can build the client with the following command:

craft owncloud-client

This installs all required dependencies and builds the ownCloud Client from the master git branch. If you want to build a different branch, first install all dependencies and then clone the source code from git, like this:

craft --install-deps owncloud-client
craft --fetch owncloud-client

You can find the git checkout in C:\CraftRoot\downloads\git\owncloud\owncloud-client. There you can use the usual git commands to switch branches and remotes, e.g., to build the 2.6 stable branch:

git checkout 2.6

Afterwards you can build the client like this:

craft --configure --make --install

Run the Client

Neither craft owncloud-client nor craft --configure --make --install make the ownCloud Client available in your PATH, they only install to the so-called image directory. This is so KDE Craft knows which files belong to which package. In order to run the client, you first need to merge the image directory to the regular KDE Craft root (C:\CraftRoot). Afterwards, you can run owncloud.exe from your shell.

craft --qmerge owncloud-client
owncloud.exe

Package the Client (Unsupported)

Although this is not officially supported, it is, generally, possible to build an installer with:

craft nsis
craft --package owncloud-client

Now you should have a file called: owncloud-client-master-${COMMIT_HASH}-windows-${COMPILER}.exe in C:\CraftRoot\tmp.

This is not supported, optimised, nor regularly tested! Fully supported Windows installers are currently only provided by ownBrander.

Windows Development Build MinGW without KDE Craft

If you don’t want to use KDE Craft, these are the manual steps you need to follow to compile the ownCloud Client natively on Windows.

  1. Install the required dependencies

    • Make sure that you have CMake and Git.

    • Download the Qt MinGW package. You will use the MinGW version bundled with it.

    • Download an OpenSSL Windows Build (the non-'Light' version)

  2. Get the QtKeychain sources as well as the latest versions of the ownCloud client from Git as follows:

    git clone https://github.com/frankosterfeld/qtkeychain.git
    git clone git://github.com/owncloud/client.git
  1. Open the Qt MinGW shortcut console from the Start Menu

  2. Make sure that OpenSSL’s bin directory as well as your QtKeychain source directories are in your PATH. This will allow CMake to find the library and headers, as well as allow the ownCloud client to find the DLLs at runtime:

    set PATH=C:\<OpenSSL Install Dir>\bin;%PATH%
    set PATH=C:\<qtkeychain Clone Dir>;%PATH%
  1. Build QtKeychain directly in the source directory so that the DLL is built in the same directory as the headers to let CMake find them together through PATH:

    cd <qtkeychain Clone Dir>
    cmake -G "MinGW Makefiles" .
    mingw32-make
    cd ..
  1. Create the build directory:

    mkdir client-build
    cd client-build
  1. Build the client:

    cmake -G "MinGW Makefiles" ../client
    mingw32-make

    You can try using ninja to build in parallel using cmake -G Ninja ../client and ninja instead. Refer to the generic build instructions section for additional options. The ownCloud binary will appear in the bin directory.

Windows Installer Build (Cross-Compile, deprecated)

You can set up any currently supported version of openSUSE in a virtual machine if you do not have it installed already. In order to make setup simple, you can use the provided Dockerfile to build your own image.

  1. Assuming you are in the root of the ownCloud Client’s source tree, you can build an image from this Dockerfile like this:

    cd admin/win/docker
    docker build . -t owncloud-client-win32:<version>

    Replace <version> by the version of the client you are building, e.g., for the release of the client that this document describes. If you do not wish to use docker, you can run the commands in RUN manually in a shell, e.g., to create your own build environment in a virtual machine.

    Docker images are specific to releases. Newer releases may have different dependencies, and thus require a later version of the docker image! Always pick the docker image fitting your release of ownCloud client!

  1. From within the source tree Run the docker instance:

    docker run -v "$PWD:/home/user/client" owncloud-client-win32:<version> \
       /home/user/client/admin/win/docker/build.sh client/  $(id -u)

    It will run the build, create an NSIS based installer, as well as run tests. You will find the resulting binary in an newly created build-win32 subfolder.

    If you do not wish to use docker, and ran the RUN commands above in a virtual machine, you can run the indented commands in the lower section of build.sh manually in your source tree.

  1. Finally, you should sign the installer to avoid warnings upon installation. This requires a Microsoft Authenticode Certificate osslsigncode to sign the installer:

    osslsigncode -pkcs12 $HOME/.codesign/packages.pfx -h sha256 \
        -pass yourpass \
        -n "ACME Client" \
        -i "http://acme.com" \
        -ts "http://timestamp.server/" \
        -in ${unsigned_file} \
        -out ${installer_file}

    For -in, use the URL to the time stamping server provided by your CA along with the Authenticode certificate. Alternatively, you may use the official Microsoft signtool utility on Microsoft Windows.

If you’re familiar with Docker, you can use the version of osslsigncode that is part of the docker image.

Generic Build Instructions

To build the most up-to-date version of the client:

  1. Clone the latest versions of the client from Git as follows:

    git clone git://github.com/owncloud/client.git
    cd client
    # master this default, but you can also check out a tag like v2.5.4
    git checkout master
    git submodule init
    git submodule update
  1. Create the build directory:

    mkdir client-build
    cd client-build
  1. Configure the client build:

    cmake -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=/opt/ownCloud/qt-5.12.4 -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/Users/path/to/client/../install/ ..

    For Linux builds (using QT5 libraries via build-dep) a typical setting is -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=/opt/ownCloud/qt-5.12.4/. However, the version number may vary. For Linux builds using system dependencies -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH is not needed. You must use absolute paths for the include and library directories.

    On Mac OS X, you need to specify -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=target, where target is a private location, i.e. in parallel to your build dir by specifying ../install.

    qtkeychain must be compiled with the same prefix e.g., -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/Users/path/to/client/../install/.

  1. Call make. The ownCloud binary will appear in the bin directory.

  1. (Optional) Call make install to install the client to the /usr/local/bin directory.
    The following are known CMake parameters:

    • QTKEYCHAIN_LIBRARY=/path/to/qtkeychain.dylib -DQTKEYCHAIN_INCLUDE_DIR=/path/to/qtkeychain/ Used for stored credentials. When compiling with Qt5, the library is called qt5keychain.dylib. You need to compile QtKeychain with the same Qt version. If you install QtKeychain into the CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH then you don’t need to specify the path manually.

    • WITH_DOC=TRUE: Creates doc and man pages through running make; also adds install statements, providing the ability to install using make install.

    • CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=/path/to/Qt5.12.4/5.12.4/yourarch/lib/cmake/: Builds using that Qt version.

    • CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=path: Set an install prefix. This is mandatory on Mac OS.