Configuring the ClamAV Antivirus Scanner¶
You can configure your ownCloud server to automatically run a virus scan on newly-uploaded files with the Antivirus App for Files. The Antivirus App for Files integrates the open source anti-virus engine ClamAV with ownCloud. ClamAV detects all forms of malware including Trojan horses, viruses, and worms, and it operates on all major file types including Windows, Linux, and Mac files, compressed files, executables, image files, Flash, PDF, and many others. ClamAV’s Freshclam daemon automatically updates its malware signature database at scheduled intervals.
ClamAV runs on Linux and any Unix-type operating system, and Microsoft Windows. However, it has only been tested with ownCloud on Linux, so these instructions are for Linux systems. You must first install ClamAV, and then install and configure the Antivirus App for Files on ownCloud.
As always, the various Linux distributions manage installing and configuring ClamAV in different ways.
- Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint
On Debian and Ubuntu systems, and their many variants, install ClamAV with these commands:
apt-get install clamav clamav-daemon
The installer automatically creates default configuration files and launches the clamd and freshclam daemons. You don’t have to do anything more, though it’s a good idea to review the ClamAV documentation and your settings in /etc/clamav/. Enable verbose logging in both clamd.conf and freshclam.conf until you get any kinks worked out.
- Red Hat 7, CentOS 7
On Red Hat 7 and related systems you must install the Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) repository, and then install ClamAV:
yum install epel-release yum install clamav clamav-scanner clamav-scanner-systemd clamav-server clamav-server-systemd clamav-update
This installs two configuration files: /etc/freshclam.conf and /etc/clamd.d/scan.conf. You must edit both of these before you can run ClamAV. Both files are well-commented, and man clamd.conf and man freshclam.conf explain all the options. Refer to /etc/passwd and /etc/group when you need to verify the ClamAV user and group.
First edit /etc/freshclam.conf and configure your options. freshclam updates your malware database, so you want it to run frequently to get updated malware signatures. Run it manually post-installation to download your first set of malware signatures:
The EPEL packages do not include an init file for freshclam, so the quick and easy way to set it up for regular checks is with a cron job. This example runs it every hour at 47 minutes past the hour:
# m h dom mon dow command 47 * * * * /usr/bin/freshclam --quiet
Please avoid any multiples of 10, because those are when the ClamAV servers are hit the hardest for updates.
Next, edit /etc/clamd.d/scan.conf. When you’re finished you must enable the clamd service file and start clamd:
systemctl enable firstname.lastname@example.org systemctl start email@example.com
That should take care of everything. Enable verbose logging in scan.conf and freshclam.conf until it is running the way you want.
Enabling the Antivirus App for Files¶
Simply go to your ownCloud Apps page to enable it.
Configuring ClamAV on ownCloud¶
Next, go to your ownCloud Admin page and set your ownCloud logging level to Everything.
Now find your Antivirus Configuration panel on your Admin page.
ClamAV runs in one of three modes:
- Daemon (Socket): ClamAV is running on the same server as ownCloud. The ClamAV daemon, clamd, runs in the background. When there is no activity clamd places a minimal load on your system. If your users upload large volumes of files you will see high CPU usage.
- Daemon: ClamAV is running on a different server. This is a good option for ownCloud servers with high volumes of file uploads.
- Executable: ClamAV is running on the same server as ownCloud, and the clamscan command is started and then stopped with each file upload. clamscan is slow and not always reliable for on-demand usage; it is better to use one of the daemon modes.
- Daemon (Socket)
ownCloud should detect your clamd socket and fill in the Socket field. This is the LocalSocket option in clamd.conf. You can run netstat to verify:
netstat -a|grep clam unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 15857 /var/run/clamav/clamd.ctl
The Stream Length value sets the number of bytes read in one pass. 10485760 bytes, or ten megabytes, is the default. This value should be no larger than the PHP memory_limit settings, or physical memory if memory_limit is set to -1 (no limit).
Action for infected files found while scanning gives you the choice of logging any alerts without deleting the files, or immediately deleting infected files.
For the Daemon option you need the hostname or IP address of the remote server running ClamAV, and the server’s port number.
The Executable option requires the path to clamscan, which is the interactive ClamAV scanning command. ownCloud should find it automatically.
When you are satisfied with how ClamAV is operating, you might want to go back and change all of your logging to less verbose levels.