When you have SELinux enabled on your Linux distribution, you may run into permissions problems after a new ownCloud installation, and see permission denied errors in your ownCloud logs.
When you are testing ownCloud or troubleshooting,
The following settings should work for most SELinux systems that use the default distro profiles. Run these commands as root, and remember to adjust the filepaths in these examples for your installation:
semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/owncloud/data(/.*)?' semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/owncloud/config(/.*)?' semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/owncloud/apps(/.*)?' semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/owncloud/assets(/.*)?' semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/owncloud/.htaccess' semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/owncloud/.user.ini' restorecon -Rv '/var/www/html/owncloud/'
If you uninstall ownCloud you need to remove the ownCloud directory labels. To do this execute the following commands as root after uninstalling ownCloud:
semanage fcontext -d '/var/www/html/owncloud/data(/.*)?' semanage fcontext -d '/var/www/html/owncloud/config(/.*)?' semanage fcontext -d '/var/www/html/owncloud/apps(/.*)?' semanage fcontext -d '/var/www/html/owncloud/assets(/.*)?' semanage fcontext -d '/var/www/html/owncloud/.htaccess' semanage fcontext -d '/var/www/html/owncloud/.user.ini' restorecon -Rv '/var/www/html/owncloud/'
If you have customized SELinux policies and these examples do not work, you must give the HTTP server write access to these directories:
/var/www/html/owncloud/data /var/www/html/owncloud/config /var/www/html/owncloud/apps /var/www/html/owncloud/assets
Enable updates via the web interface¶
To enable updates via the ownCloud web interface, you may need this to enable writing to the ownCloud directories:
setsebool httpd_unified on
When the update is completed, disable write access:
setsebool -P httpd_unified off
Disallow write access to the whole web directory¶
For security reasons it’s suggested to disable write access to all folders in /var/www/ (default):
setsebool -P httpd_unified off
Allow access to a remote database¶
An additional setting is needed if your installation is connecting to a remote database:
setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect_db on
Allow access to LDAP server¶
Use this setting to allow LDAP connections:
setsebool -P httpd_can_connect_ldap on
Allow access to remote network¶
ownCloud requires access to remote networks for functions such as Server-to-Server sharing, external storages or the app store. To allow this access use the following setting:
setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect on
Allow access to network memcache¶
This setting is not required if httpd_can_network_connect is already on:
setsebool -P httpd_can_network_memcache on
Allow access to SMTP/sendmail¶
If you want to allow ownCloud to send out e-mail notifications via sendmail you need to use the following setting:
setsebool -P httpd_can_sendmail on
Allow access to CIFS/SMB¶
If you have placed your datadir on a CIFS/SMB share use the following setting:
setsebool -P httpd_use_cifs on
Allow access to FuseFS¶
If your owncloud data folder resides on a Fuse Filesystem (e.g. EncFS etc), this setting is required as well:
setsebool -P httpd_use_fusefs on
Allow access to GPG for Rainloop¶
If you use a the rainloop webmail client app which supports GPG/PGP, you might need this:
setsebool -P httpd_use_gpg on
For general Troubleshooting of SELinux and its profiles try to install the package setroubleshoot and run:
sealert -a /var/log/audit/audit.log > /path/to/mylogfile.txt
to get a report which helps you configuring your SELinux profiles.
Another tool for troubleshooting is to enable a single ruleset for your ownCloud directory:
semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/owncloud(/.*)?' restorecon -RF /var/www/html/owncloud
It is much stronger security to have a more fine-grained ruleset as in the examples at the beginning, so use this only for testing and troubleshooting. It has a similar effect to disabling SELinux, so don’t use it on production systems.
See this discussion on GitHub to learn more about configuring SELinux correctly for ownCloud.