Enable index.php-less URLs

Since ownCloud 9.0.3 you need to explicitly configure and enable index.php-less URLs (e.g. https://example.com/apps/files/ instead of https://example.com/index.php/apps/files/). The following documentation provides the needed steps to configure this for the Apache Web server. These steps are not necessary when using nginx as a web server because it is already enabled in the nginx Example Configurations.

Prerequisites

Before being able to use index.php-less URLs you need to enable the mod_rewrite and mod_env Apache modules. Furthermore a configured AllowOverride All directive within the vhost of your Web server is needed. Please have a look at the Apache manual for how to enable and configure these.

Furthermore these instructions are only working when using Apache together with the mod_php Apache module for PHP. Other modules like php-fpm or mod_fastcgi are unsupported.

Finally the user running your Web server (e.g. www-data) needs to be able to write into the .htaccess file shipped within the ownCloud root directory (e.g. /var/www/owncloud/.htaccess). If you have applied Setting Strong Directory Permissions the user might be unable to write into this file and the needed update will fail. You need to revert this strong permissions temporarily by following the steps described in Setting Permissions for Updating.

Configuration steps

The first step is to configure the overwrite.cli.url and htaccess.RewriteBase config.php options (See Config.php Parameters). If you’re accessing your ownCloud instance via https://example.com/ the following two options need to be added / configured:

'overwrite.cli.url' => 'https://example.com',
'htaccess.RewriteBase' => '/',

If the instance is accessed via https://example.com/owncloud the following configuration is needed:

'overwrite.cli.url' => 'https://example.com/owncloud',
'htaccess.RewriteBase' => '/owncloud',

As a second step ownCloud needs to enable index.php-less URLs. This is done:

  • during the next update of your ownCloud instance
  • by manually running the occ command occ maintenance:update:htaccess (See Using the occ Command)

Afterwards your instance should have index.php-less URLs enabled.

Troubleshooting

If accessing your ownCloud installation fails after following these instructions and you see messages like this in your ownCloud log:

The requested uri(\\/login) cannot be processed by the script '\\/owncloud\\/index.php'

make sure that you have configured the two config.php options listed above correctly.

All documentation licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.